Category: Network & Server (網絡及服務器)

What’s New in VMware vSphere 6.5?

By admin, November 4, 2016 14:11

After almost 6 years since the release of ESX 4.1 in Aug 2010, vSphere 6.5 has finally arrived. However imoo, I would still prefer to call it ESX 4.5 at max as there are not much new and useful  features added to be honest.

vCenter Server Appliance 6.5 (VCSA) is probably the most interesting one as it comes with native high availability, so no more worry about that single point of failure.

Other than that, I bet most of the 99% out there won’t really find those so called new feature useful in their daily operation.

In additional, seems there is no major change in VMware’s licensing model, remember that horrible vRAM tax back in 2012? :)

Finally, I am looking for Total SSD storage solution recently, and my eyes are on Pure Storage, but why their stock PSTG is dropping like hell?


Virtualization came-in and changed everything!

By admin, November 2, 2016 12:36

Come across this photo of my previous project today, can’t believe it’s almost 10 years already!…Used to setup a lot of cables, servers and network equipment before.

Then Virtualization came-in and changed everything, now with just after a few mouse clicks you have all the pieces ready in the photo, everything is software defined…well, at least it’s much more Eco-friendly for data center environment nowadays, and most importantly virtualization made my life much easier finally! (The answer is VMW if you know what I mean)


Dell PowerEdge FX2

By admin, February 2, 2016 17:54

Lovely design, everything is so compacted, looks like this is something from S.H.I.E.L.D.. I like it very much and it’s going to be my next 2U selection for VMware! Here is the review for FD332 and FC830 by StorageReview, also a video for FD332, the 16 disks component, finally most importantly, the GUI, hum…it does look like a Blade somehow.

Alternative SMD (Sunday Morning Drive), pushing up some IOPS

By admin, January 31, 2016 10:29


Gifts from Equallogic

By admin, January 16, 2016 19:14

Professional compensation from Dell for their previous very unprofessional services.




It’s a bit different than the one back in 2011, which has Firmware version EN03 and Made in China.


Blocked by 550 SC-001 (BAY004-MC4F44)

By admin, January 8, 2016 10:31

Recently my client has encountered problem that all their email sent to got bounced back immediately with the following error message.

Server response to MAIL FROM:
550 SC-001 (BAY004-MC4F44) Unfortunately, messages from weren’t sent. Please contact your Internet service provider since part of their network is on our block list. You can also refer your provider to

It turns out their email server IP got blacklisted by due to suspicious spam activities, given the fast even their IP isn’t listed on any of the RBL anti-spam database.

The solution is quite straight forward but does with a bit of luck, simply fill in the form and PRAY Microsoft will get back to you shortly. (and they did recently, average reply time is about 10-30 mins)

The following is the actual reply from Microsoft:

We have completed reviewing the IP(s) you submitted. The following table contains the results of our investigation.

Conditionally mitigated,,,

Our investigation has determined that the above IP(s) qualify for conditional mitigation. These IP(s) have been unblocked, but may be subject to low daily email limits until they have established a good reputation.

Please note that mitigating this issue does not guarantee that your email will be delivered to a user’s inbox.

Ongoing complaints from users will result in removal of the mitigation.

Mitigation may take 24 – 48 hours to replicate completely throughout our system.

If you feel your issue is not yet resolved, please reply to this email and one of our support team members will contact you for further investigation.

Regardless of the deliverability status, recommends that all senders join two free programs that provide visibility into the traffic on your sending IP(s), the sending IP reputation with and the user complaint rates.

Of course, the above is just the normal scenario. Worst case, your email to could be never bounced back but disappeared totally in darkness.

After filled in the above form, you get a very discouraging reply from Microsoft saying your IP cannot be unblocked.

Not qualified for mitigation
Our investigation has determined that the above IP(s) do not qualify for mitigation.

Please ensure your emails comply with the policies, practices and guidelines found here:

To have Deliverability Support investigate further, please reply to this email with a detailed description of the problem you are having, including specific error messages, and an agent will contact you.

Don’t worry, the next step is to reply to that particular email and explain the situation in detail and politely, normally, Microsoft will grand you the rights to unblock your IP again.

My name is xxx and I work with the Deliverability Support Team.

Recent activity coming from your IP ( has been flagged by our system as suspicious, causing your IP to become blocked. I have conducted an investigation into the emails originating from your IP space and have implemented mitigation for your deliverability problem. This process may take 24 – 48 hours to replicate completely throughout our system.

Please note that lifting the block does not guarantee that your email will be delivered to a user’s inbox. However, here are some things that can help you with delivery:


By admin, January 7, 2016 11:37

Design + Mechanical + Hardware + Network, simply love this kind of stuff.

NO STOCK of this Equallogic 600GB 15K SAS Disk!!!

By admin, December 28, 2015 19:07

This is the 4th time Equallogic 15K SAS failed (previous failed record was on April 30, 2015), but this time comes with another surprise the local Dell logistic and inventory department called me saying they don’t have any stock currently!!! ARE YOU KIDDING ME? There are at least 50-60 Equallogic boxes running 600GB 15K SAS in Hong Kong and they don’t have the most failed parts in stock? and we paid for 4 hours Pro-Support replacement service…to be updated!

The RAID reconstruction took 3 hours and 40 mins to complete this time.


Update: Jan-15, 2016

5th time Equallogic 15K SAS failed.


Update: Jan-18, 2016

6th time Equallogic 15K SAS failed.

Whenever you see predicative failure kicks-in (ie, Copying to Spare), then you know it’s time to call Dell service, as all previous 3 predicative failures, none of it worked, the process always failed at half way.


Update: Jan-30, 2016

7th time Equallogic 15K SAS failed

4 disks failed one after another in 30 days is a Wow!!!

It seems the 5 years + SAS disks do have a life span of around 5 years warranty time, that’s why you need to extend your warranty for another 2 years as Dell gives maximum 7 years warranty for their enterprise products.

Update: Jul-15, 2016

8th time Equallogic 15K SAS failed

Don’t think predicative failure will help, so called pro-support right away to replace the failed disk.

Update: Oct-1, 2018

9th time Equallogic 15K SAS failed

After more than 2 years, finally it comes another disk failure, but this time the copy to spare was successful!

Level Received Member Message
Info 10/01/2018 04:43:05 AM eql01 Completed copying-to-spare operation from drive 4 to drive 15.

One interesting fact I found out, when I re-insert the failed disk, EQL produced the following error that I’ve never seen before.


ERROR event from storage array eql01
subsystem: SP
event: 14.4.18
time: Mon Oct 1 11:00:43 2018

0:Orphan disk drive: Disk drive LUN 4 (26bc078a0900-779214cc-8) no longer belongs to RAID LUN 0 (3be078a0900-b0e5c22b-92d39732). This disk has a history of failure and will not be used.

Update: Dec-2, 2018

10th time Equallogic 15K SAS failed, more than half of the disks are replaced , firmware EN03 from EN01.

Update: Dec-31, 2018

11th time Equallogic 15K SAS failed just before the end of 2018, this time is the first disk with firmware EN03.

Equallogic vs Nimble and Tegile

By admin, December 23, 2015 22:45

The following is very interesting as they are currently the new kids on the block in storage world!

Recently, I’ve talked to Nimble’s senior technical consultant during the VMWorld Expo in Hong Kong, and indeed they are very similar to Equallogic…ie, downside is Nimble too can’t stand any of the array failed in the same cluster (Lefthand can) and no build-in thin reclaim feature (3Par does) and Nimble is limited to 4 nodes in comparison to Equallogic’s 16 nodes.


However Nimble is with SSD built into their array design and firmware from day one, so the performance is much better even with the same set of hardware. So if your site is mainly used for VDI, then Nimble should be on your next purchase consider list.


“Dell has become a top-four player in disk arrays, as IBM and NetApp are left behind in Gartner’s 2015 Magic Quadrant for general purpose disk arrays…Nimble Storage enters the leaders’ quadrant for the first time” (Read More)

Also please refer to the latest Gartner Magic Quadrant for General-Purpose Disk Arrays (Published: October 2015)

Of course, there is one main thing I don’t really like…Nimble and Tegile have a rather simple admin GUI (here is Tegile), it’s not really graphical oriented as Equallogic’s group manager…for the record, GUI is also one of the most important things for me to decide on a SAN storage purchase. Not to mention Equallogic has a deep inspection tool..SQNHQ…which I couldn’t find the same level of deep analysis on both Nimble (InfoSight cloud based?) and Tegile GUI.


Besides, Image is everything…the actual design of the array itself (box and tray) does not look good as Equallogic…thought I have to admit the face plates for both Nimble and Tegile look cool…but somehow it doesn’t match with the array design behind it, strange…probably the designers are different for face plate and array.


Yes, Nimble’s snapshot compression and de-duplication are good, but there is always a trade off in performance as compression requires CPU time to process. Fyi, Equallogic firmware 8.0 has this similar  build-in snapshot compression already.  After all, it seems to me both Nimble and Tegile are putting space utilization as its 1st priority selling point than it’s SSD performance, so Equallogic has no choice but to catch up. Seemed Nimble and Tegile are really pushing Dell hard for this!!! Finally Equallogic has to change under pressure which is really good for its customer.


The other thing is Nimble and Tegile is x86 based hardware (Ah…SuperMicro!!!) while Equallogic uses propitiatory RISC based CPU and Nimble’s firmware (ie, software) is based on open source Linux cluster file system (GFS? To be confirmed).

asdf (2)

One more thing I don’t like Nimble and Tegile is their disk reliability, 7,200RPM SATA, come on, it’s confirmed those SATA are really unreliable and risky, I wouldn’t trust putting our mission critical data on those disks for sure. Even for our Equallogic 15K SAS, the failure rate per array is almost 1/16 every year…read too many horrible stories about those SATA array (ie, PS4100 series), just plain scary!

Last but not least, probably the most important one…price!!! Nimble or Tegile isn’t cheap really…as a new comer, I think it at least should have an attractive selling price in order for others to switch from the big bothers.

Still…IMOO, somehow, I still wouldn’t classify both Nimble and Tegile as the next generation of SAN vendors and it’s interesting to see Nimble’s founder were actually from Netapp…this reminds me Fortinet’s founder was actually from Netscreen (btw, both founders are Chinese)

Finally, there is an interesting report on Hybrid-Storage-Array-Buyers-Guide by DCIG

Nimble and Tegile: The new Lefthand and EqualLogic by John Sloan


Which hybrid storage solution should we go with, Nimble or Tegile? You can tell when a technology has crossed the Rubicon of acceptance when the question shifts from validating the technology to comparing the leading evangelists of the new approach.

In this case the new technology or approach is hybrid storage which includes solid state with traditional disk. A couple of years ago organizations wanted information on solid state storage and whether solid state would help mitigate IO bottlenecks. Were the IOPS worth the higher cost per gigabyte of solid state?

Today hybrids are hot and just about everybody has a scheme for adding solid state either as a cache layer or a solid state drive (SSD) tier. Nimble and Tegile stand out because they are built from the ground up to be optimized for a mix of solid state and spinning disk. They both argue that traditional storage is built for disk even if it has solid state added to the mix.

Seven or eight years ago the new storage technology was iSCSI. Fibre Channel was the dominant architecture for storage networks and arrays. But some feisty start-ups started championing this idea of wrapping SCSI storage blocks in internet protocol and pushing it across Ethernet networks.
Nimble Storage
Two of the bright stars in that iSCSI firmament were LeftHand Networks and EqualLogic. There were other players to be sure but these were the two I heard about most from storage buying prospects, especially in small to midsize organizations. Somewhere during 2007 the predominant question from these prospects went from “Should we consider iSCSI solutions?” to “Which iSCSI storage solution should we go with, Lefthand or EqualLogic?”.

Then, as now, it was server visualization that pushed the start-ups into the limelight. Once VMware supported iSCSI for shared storage, midsized organizations buying their first SAN array for server consolidation/virtualization got very interested in Lefthand and EqualLogic.

The trigger now is the need to maintain consistent IOPS for virtual deskop initiatives. Failure of traditional shared storage to scale to VDI boot storms derailed many an implementation. Nimble and Tegile want to be your core storage platform but VDI has been their foot in the door of the data center.

So which of the two should you go with? Nimble or Tegile? Well, of course, it depends. Of the contests I’ve seen over this past summer, among organizations that have shortlisted both vendors, I can say that the two have been competing neck and neck. Those that have made their decisions say it was an extremely close run thing. From what I’ve seen:

Nimble seems to win over Tegile on cost, both upfront acquisition costs and expected future expansion/scaling costs.


Where Tegile wins over Nimble is in technology. More than one potential customer has told me that they really like how Tegile works. Tegile also supports multiple connection protocols where Nimble is iSCSI-only (that will likely change before the end of 2015).

We ranked both Nimble and Tegile as innovators in our most recent Vendor Landscape: Small to Mid-Range Storage Arrays. Tegile got kudos and ranked higher for their technology.
But as noted it is a very close run thing. Where one leads over another it is by degrees, not a slam-dunk differentiation. There is also the usual caution over risk of going with the small (albeit rapidly growing) start-ups over established players.

Lefthand and EqualLogic were both eventually acquired by HP and Dell respectively. A similar pattern was repeated with two other upstart storage innovators 3par and Compellent.

If you can’t beat them buy them. The established players are struggling right now to beat Nimble and Tegile. But the usual mainline storage suspects have pretty crowded portfolios right now.They may not have room for a Tegile or a Nimble.

Nimble vs EQuallogic by Austin Henderson

The debate between Equallogic and Nimble essentially came down to the fact that we really liked the offering and the people of Nimble but questioned their staying capacity in the market. We were fearful that we would either purchase the product and it would not perform as advertised or that we would purchase the product and in two years they would be gone as a company.

The Equallogic brand name is a solid name and has a lot of experience to stand strong upon, but our research kept turning up some questions about how they had elected to employ snapshots in their platform and we reasoned that our ability to store snaps of our data on that device would be reduced in comparison to the Nimble product. This fear combined with the lack of follow through and inadequate justification of questions by EQ references and sales engineers confirmed our suspicion of the product as inferior in a technical sense.

To address the Nimble performance numbers we discussed with existing customers how the array performed and convinced them to give us 60 day terms on the purchase order – thus if it didn’t perform we would box it up and send it back. After review with other customers and their engineers we were fairly confident this would not be the case and as such decided we could take that risk.

Our Nimble array arrived and was installed with the help of two Nimble resources in very short order. Testing began shortly after install and within approximately a month all production data was moved to the device. Our RPO stretches backwards in excess of several weeks in some cases and the innovative approach to how the product takes data snapshots combined with thin provisioning and inline compression.

Our performance numbers are better than we could have imagined thanks to the use of SSD drives and while not measured yet the energy requirements have dropped considerably given that we went from 60 – 15K spinning drives to 4 SSD drives and 12 spinning drives.  Currently we have seen very few spikes above 3K IOPS and the device can scale on random read/write layout to approximately 15K – thus we have headroom to spare.

In the end the lasting power of the company remains to be seen – and we have our doubts – but conversations with the CEO and other leaders in the company lead us to believe the intent of the company is to leave their mark on the storage industry, not to exit stage right. Given our experiences thus far I would say they are headed for such a legacy and we are proud of and stand by our selection.”

Equallogic MasterClass Workshop

By admin, December 11, 2015 22:32

It turns out to be quite an introductory level one…but it’s nice to see Dell’s demo server room, and I noticed the PS6100 has two disks failed as well. :)




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